Kenya: Use of surveillance technologies to combat terrorism
In Kenya, we have CCTV cameras on all major roads and in densely populated areas, including facial recognition functions. Important information is forwarded to the emergency services at the Police Information Centre.
The monitoring system also monitors car movements.
After the terrorist attack on the DusitD2 complex, the movements of the attackers could thus be traced.
The traces of mobile phones are also monitored by the police using mobile phone pings. All communications can be tracked and even the physical address of persons can be found. Questionable activities within the country are to be monitored mainly. The monitoring of Internet traffic is also part of this. IP tracking is aimed at people who incite hate on the Internet or try to carry out other criminal activities.
The Kenyan central bank also plays a central role. All transactions identified as suspicious are monitored. All amounts over one million Kenyan shillings (approx. 10,000 €) must be checked and the use and origin of the money determined. The purpose of the disbursement, intra-bank transactions and M-Pesa transactions are also monitored. Deposits and withdrawals are affected. For M-Pesa and similar payment service providers, the mobile phone companies take over the checking.
We can imagine that CCTV surveillance systems will increasingly be installed in residential, commercial and business areas in the future in order to increase and improve the feeling of security. Places where we live, work, do business and have fun and leisure activities should be safe.
Terrorists who know that they will not survive their attack will certainly not stop it. But many Kenyans hope that the tools will also have a preventive effect. Following the terrorist attack on the Westgate shopping centre in 2013, security measures have already been increased nationwide. Banks, shops, shopping centres and public institutions usually have armed forces stationed on site, as well as body scanners and metal detectors.
You can get used to it.